An Introduction to Eating Disorders
Food. Whatever type it comes in, it is what we need to stay alive. To most of us, we get to have 3 meals everyday to strengthen our bodies so that we can handle everything that life throws at us. However, in the world we live in today, it could very well alter how we see food. So many people have been exposed to different types of media that to be accepted and appreciated, one has to stay thin and beautiful. That is why many people have decided to cut back on eating and instead watch what they eat in order to be socially accepted.
And in most cases, this isn’t a problem. But in some individuals, they take it to the extreme. As defined by the American Psychiatric Association, an eating disorder is fundamentally an unhealthy preoccupation with food and weight. It is responsible for numerous deaths in America, alone.
This is why eating disorders are not a laughing matter.
Many people are under the false idea that eating disorders are just temporary, that it will go away in time. This is far, far away from the truth, however. Eating disorders have been known to damage many aspects of a healthy individual’s well being.
To prevent it, you should educate yourself about eating disorders.
Eating Disorder types:
Fighting from eating disorder is like fighting a many headed monster; there are many ways that it can rear its ugly head. The most common ones, according to the American Psychological Association, are the following:
- * Bulimia nervosa: Don’t let their normal weight fool you; people with this eating disorder need to be monitored. These people have the compulsion to over – eat an unusually large amount of food. They the feel guilty and compensate with laxatives or diuretics, force vomiting, over exercising, fasting, or even a mix of all the above.
- * Anorexia nervosa: These people have a warped perception of their bodies; they feel and see that they are overweight when in fact they are oftentimes dangerously underweight. They have the obsession to constantly weigh themselves; and are also known to eat very little to none at all. They are also very picky with what they eat. This type of eating disorder is infamous since it accounts for the highest mortality rate out of all mental disorders out there.
- * Binge-eating disorder: This eating disorder is hallmarked by a constant need to binge – eat everything in front of them. Unlike the other two however, they have no compunction to remedy this habit. That is why people with this eating disorder suffer from obesity and the diseases that come with it.
These three are the most common. The following are lesser known but still should be looked out for:
- * Night – Eating Syndrome: This eating disorder earned its name since the people who have it have little to no appetite during the day, and eat ravenously at night. As a result they binge eat at night and suffer insomnia as well.
- * Rumination Disorder: One of the weirder eating disorders out there, it is characterized by a repetitive regurgitation of consumed food, next by re-chewing and re-swallowing, or spitting the food out.
- * Other Specified Feeding or Eating Disorder (OSFED) and Unspecified Feeding or Eating Disorder (UFED): Sufferers of these disorders do not show symptoms that fall on the previous eating disorders; however they still suffer from emotional and psychological distress when it comes to food.
- * Pica: This eating disorder is characterized by an uncontrollable urge to chew, eat or lick inedible food items such as clay or cotton.